Peradeniya Botanical Garden
Peradeniya Botanical Garden in Sri Lanka

Peradeniya Botanical Garden is one of the most popular attractions in Sri Lanka. Located on the outskirts of the city of Kandy, this beautiful garden is known for its diverse collection of plants and its serene ambiance. Spread across an area of 147 acres, the garden is a paradise for nature lovers, horticulturists, and anyone who wants to spend some time amidst nature’s bounty.


History of Peradeniya Botanical Garden

Peradeniya Botanical Garden was established in 1821 by the British colonial rulers who wanted to experiment with exotic plants such as rubber, coffee, and tea, that could be grown in Sri Lanka. The garden was initially used as a research center for these plants, and it gradually expanded to become a public garden. Today, the garden is managed by the Department of National Botanic Gardens of Sri Lanka and attracts over 2 million visitors annually.


Flora and Fauna

Peradeniya Botanical Garden is home to over 4000 species of plants, including orchids, palms, ferns, and medicinal plants. The garden is divided into different sections, each showcasing different types of flora. The most popular sections include the Palm Avenue, the Giant Bamboo Grove, the Spice Garden, the Orchid House, and the Royal Botanical Collection. Visitors can spend hours exploring the garden and admiring the beautiful flowers and plants.

Apart from plants, the garden is also home to a variety of fauna. Visitors can spot various species of birds, butterflies, and monkeys, which add to the garden’s natural beauty.



Peradeniya Botanical Garden has several attractions that visitors should not miss. One of the most popular attractions is the Orchid House, which houses over 300 varieties of orchids. The orchids are displayed in a range of colors, shapes, and sizes, making it a feast for the eyes.

Another must-visit attraction is the Giant Javan Fig Tree, which is over 130 years old and spreads over an area of 1600 square meters. The tree is a natural wonder and a favorite spot for visitors to take pictures.

The garden also has a beautiful suspension bridge, known as the “Sita Ella Bridge,” which offers breathtaking views of the Mahaweli River that flows through the garden.

Visitors can also take a boat ride on the garden’s lake or enjoy a picnic in the open grassy areas.



Peradeniya Botanical Garden is a natural gem in Sri Lanka and should be on every traveler’s itinerary. The garden’s diverse collection of plants, beautiful flora and fauna, and peaceful ambiance make it an ideal place to spend a day. The garden is also a perfect spot for photography enthusiasts and nature lovers. So, if you’re planning a trip to Sri Lanka, don’t miss out on this beautiful garden.

(Featured Image Credit:  @meganhankin from Instagram) 

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harshana piyasinghe


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